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What Every Business Needs to Do before the New Year

The end of the year is pressure-packed for business owners as they balance the crush of the holidays with responsibilities to customers. Although it seems tough to find the hours, it is essential to spend some time reflecting on the year that is ending, wrapping up any loose ends, and preparing a game plan for the next year. Many businesses fail to regularly update or refresh their policies, procedures, website, and business plan. This makes a company less efficient and more likely to be caught off guard by changes in the industry, shifts in consumer preferences, or the rise of new competitors.

Here are 11 things all businesses should do before the end of the year that will keep the business fit and profitable:

Review Profit and Loss Statements and Vendor and Lender Files

The first thing you should do before the end of the year is review the financial performance of your business. Get a sense of what the revenue is now that the year is almost over. Since you can reduce your tax burden by making a big purchase, determine whether it would make sense to do so. The depreciation can offset your tax bill.

Before you can file taxes for the business, be sure the paperwork is complete. That means checking to make sure you have 1099s for all vendors and all information about outstanding loans. Check with your vendors to make sure their information is accurate. Double check that the information is correct in the accounting system, too. This makes it easier for the accountant to go over before taxes are filed.

Reduce Your Tax Burden

By the end of November, you should have already reviewed the P&L statements and 1099s. That way, tax preparation is much faster. There are perfectly legal things you can do to ease your tax burden if you are savvy about tax law and accounting. First, review your annual expenses and determine if there is anything you need to pay, or can pay, by the end of the year. Business expenses, such as continuing education classes or association dues, also fall into this category. Paying expenses for employees can be a good benefit to offer them. It will also help them learn new skills all while giving the business a tax benefit.

Also, review tax changes for the year. Make sure that you have been compliant with the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and that you are aware of how the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes (PATH) Act may implicate your organization's tax situation.

Another way to reduce your tax burden is to pay your taxes early. If you have not estimated your tax burden for the year, you should do so by December. Meet with your accountant if necessary. Once you have estimated your probable tax bill for the year, go ahead and make a payment. If you decide to file early, it gives you more time to arrange payment before the deadline. If you expect refunds or credits, then you will receive them earlier.

Review Your Policies and Procedures and Make Changes

Most businesses have policies and procedures and manuals and guidelines. Unfortunately, those same businesses rarely follow up on their policies and procedures, meaning that changes in the law are rarely noted in the company's official documents. In order to prevent your business from being caught off guard, spend time reviewing your policies with the goal of updating them to reflect legal issues and changes in the way you do business.

Do you have an employee handbook? If not, now is the time to make sure that all of your policies, procedures, and expectations are laid out in a single document. If you include information on benefits, disciplinary steps, performance reviews, compensation, and more, then it promotes fairness and transparency throughout the company. It is also far easier to train new employees and bring them on board.

Review and Renew Insurance Policies

You must do an end-of-year insurance review to ensure your risk management policies are active and adequately cover your interests. Here are a few things to consider:

  • Workers' Compensation – If you had a reduction in staff or hired more employees during the year, then ensure you are complying with your state's workers' compensation laws. Call your insurance agent to check on whether you are overpaying or underpaying based on your industry and number of employees.
  • Leases – If the business leases office space, you most likely need general liability insurance in order to meet the requirements of the landlord. If you are considering a move in the new year, consider the insurance implications of the new space and how it changes the financial picture for your organization. Some landlords require higher coverage limits or certain liability coverage that you may need in addition to the general liability policy.
  • Subcontractors – Do you use subcontractors? If so, be aware of whether damage caused by a subcontractor is covered by your general liability insurance. If it is not excluded from your policy, then your business may be liable for mistakes made by a subcontractor. Small businesses should consider requiring subcontractors to carry their own general liability insurance in order to mitigate this risk.
  • Automobiles – If you or your employees use personal vehicles, determine whether the business needs to have commercial vehicle coverage in order to protect it from lawsuits.
  • Changes – If your business is changing focus or expanding in the upcoming year, it is best to think about how the changes will impact risk management going forward.

Update Your Website

All businesses, no matter how big or small, need a great web presence to be competitive in any industry. However, if your attitude toward the website is "create it and forget it," you are missing important opportunities.

  • Branding – If you have changed your branding, logos, address, colors, or even the font on your correspondence, your website should follow suit. Consistency in branding is rewarded with a better first impression, more return customers, and increased loyalty.
  • Mobile – Is your website optimized for mobile screens? If the answer is no – or if you simply do not know – then it is absolutely critical to do so before the year's end. According to comScore, the number of mobile-only Internet users now exceeds the number of desktop-only users in the United States. This means that the majority of people will be looking at your site from a cell phone, tablet, or laptop. Take a hard look at how your site appears on several different kinds of devices. Update the site to keep it fresh and functional.
  • Tech World Developments – Sometimes developments in technology necessitate a website upgrade. For example, last year Microsoft announced the end of older, more popular versions of Internet Explorer. This is already proving difficult for older websites that were optimized for Internet Explorer. Another consideration is how your site interacts with Apple devices. Apple's tablets and mobile phones do not support Flash, and the use of Flash could hinder your website. Consult with your web development team about necessary upgrades.

Leverage Big Data

In today's environment, learning to use big data is essential. It can help you understand sales numbers, determine what areas to keep investing in and which ones to let go, and even help you find better employees. Here are some tips:

  • Website Analytics – Every business should review data about who visits the organization's website and how they interact with information provided. Thankfully, Google Analytics makes this easier than ever before. But what metrics should the business focus on? According to Jakob Nielsen, co-founder and principal of Nielsen Norman Group, the most important metric is conversion rate. Knowing your conversion rate gives you information into how engaging your web presence is, and helps you determine if your calls to action are effective. If conversion rates are lagging, you may need to redesign the website to make it more user-friendly and engaging.
  • Customer Feedback – Using data helps you understand your website, but it can also be used in unique ways. For example, big data is being used to optimize several areas central to the business, such as customer service, operations, and management. Data can help you analyze what your customers want, even if you only use simple survey software to solicit feedback. The end of the year is the perfect time to collect feedback. Once you have got the data, you can use it to make sure there is nothing you have overlooked.

Update Your Business Plan

Your business plan should be a living document that is useful to the company throughout its lifetime. But in order for it to be useful, it has to be continually updated.

For existing companies that are closing out the year, here is a checklist of steps to take when revising the business plan:

  • Review the Original Plan – Have you updated your original business plan? If not, then reading it now will be a tremendous learning experience. If you update the business plan, it gives you an opportunity to actually record what your experiences have been since the business opened. This can lead to valuable insights that will make the business stronger.
  • Review Sales – Review the business's annual sales and determine whether some products and services sold more than you thought they would, or whether some sold less than you expected. Did sales meet your projections or fall short? What about peaks and valleys throughout the year? Analyzing your sales information this way helps identify what you are doing well and where you need to go back to the drawing board. You may even find there is an opportunity to pivot. Once you see where you have been, it is easier to draw up a plan for where you are headed.

Set Milestones

John J. McAdam, Managing Partner of WG90, told Wharton Magazine that during his business planning workshop for companies that were already operating, half of the participants wrote business plans that were entirely focused on the future. The other half wrote exclusively about what the business was doing now. McAdam said the imbalance showed a fundamental misunderstanding about what business plans could do for a company.

A business plan is a comprehensive guide wherein answers to the questions and problems you will face in each stage of growth are laid out in detail.

Businesses must be able to have a future vision without ignoring complications of the present. In order to create a plan that accounts for the present, short term, and long term, McAdam recommends setting milestones. Each milestone is a future goal, such as "increasing revenue by 10% by the second quarter." To ensure that these goals are accompanied by real-world considerations, the milestones must include action items, such as "email 100 business owners; divide owners into hot leads; schedule in-person presentations." The action plan is a way of incorporating incremental steps to achieving your goals.

Market Analysis

In your first business plan, you should have analyzed your proposed target market and performed a competitive analysis. Now that you have been in business for at least a year, updating these numbers will be illuminating.

This is where you can discuss barriers to entry in more detail, provide additional real-world information about your competitors, and discuss your efforts to improve market share. Starting the year with a new market analysis will give you positive forward momentum.

Review Recordkeeping Requirements

State and federal governments have recordkeeping requirements for businesses. Whether you are a corporation, limited liability company, or sole proprietor, you should review a recordkeeping checklist before January 1. This is the best way to determine whether you had any obligations that may have slipped through the cracks during the year.

Corporations have heightened recordkeeping requirements. A corporation is an entity that exists separately from its shareholders. That means there are additional formalities and recordkeeping responsibilities, such as adopting legally binding corporate resolutions.

Corporate Resolutions and Meeting Minutes

Making legally binding decisions in a corporation requires corporate resolutions. Corporate resolutions are formal declarations of major decisions made by the corporation. The resolutions are filed with the official corporate records.

Assess Your Team

December is the best time to review your team and determine whether any changes should be made. All performance reviews will have been completed and your final revenue and goals should also be set.

Managing people is the most important but overlooked factor in business. Having engaged, productive, and happy employees is good for the bottom line. Your Human Resources department is on the front lines. Make a point of having a meeting or retreat with your team where you can hear their ideas and feedback about employee relations. With their input, you can decide if you need to tweak employment agreements, employee handbooks, and confidentiality and non-compete agreements.

Decide if there are people who would work better in another job, and whether there are those who should be promoted. By the same token, there are always a few people who are not a good fit for the organization. Your New Year's resolution should be to make personnel changes that will enable the business to thrive. Fortunately, many people search for new jobs in January. Work with Human Resources to identify the top talent.


Once you have all the information in the preceding steps, begin meetings about next year's budget. Remember that budgets are not real; they are estimates and goals. As such, focus on making them actionable. Each financial line item on both revenue and expense levels should also include a few follow-up action items. How will you achieve the revenue goals you set? The questions you ask here will really help you zero-in on how to identify growth opportunities.

While the process of making the budget is meaningful, do not forget that this cannot become a dead document that goes back into the file cabinet when budgeting is over. Review and update it throughout the year. Once you have done that for a full 12-month cycle, you will have even more data to use in future planning.


By aiming to update your processes, policies, and plans, you can evaluate your past, present, and future. Be sure to include decision-makers, key personnel, and trusted outside sources when you make your analysis. Always make a point of thanking your customers, contractors, and employees so that you keep positive relationships and motivate your team for the new year. As the days of the year wind down, chart a course for success by reviewing how the business performed and making a realistic plan for progress. Happy planning!

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